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Publications of Prof. Dr.rer.nat. Jürgen Caro



A. Knebel, L. Sundermann, A. Mohmeyer, I. Strauß, S. Friebe, P. Behrens, J. Caro (2017): Azobenzene guest molecules as light-switchable CO2 valves in an ultrathin UiO-67 membrane, Chemistry of Materials, 29 (2017) 3111-3117.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b00147

H. Richter, H. Voss, N. Kaltenborn, S. Kämnitz, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro, St. Roitsch, I. Voigt (2017): High-flux carbon molecular sieve membranes for gas separation, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 57 (2017) 7760-7763
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201701851

K. Müller, A. Knebel, F. Zhao, D. Bleger, J. Caro, L. Heinke (2017): Switching thin films of azobenzene-containing metal-organic frameworks with visible light, Chem. Eur. J. 23 (2017) 5434-5438
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201700989

S. Friebe, A. Mundstock, D. Schneider, J. Caro (2017): An untrodden path: Versatile fabrication of self-supporting polymer-stabilized percolation membranes (PSPMs) for gas separation, Chem. Eur. J. 23 (2017) 6522-6526
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201701266

S. Friebe, B. Geppert, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2017): Metal-organic framework UiO-66 layer: A highly oriented membrane with good selectivity and hydrogen permeance, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9 (2017) 12878 – 12885
DOI: 10.1021/acsaml.7b02105

Y. Wang, L. Li, Y. Wei, J. Xue, H. Chen, L. Ding, J. Caro, H.H. Wang (2017): Water transport with ultralow friction through partially exfoliated g-C3N4 nanosheet membranes with self-supporting spacers, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56 (2017) 8974-8980
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201701288


A. Wollbrink, K. Volgmann, J. Koch, K. Kanthasamy, C. Tegenkamp, Y, Li, H. Richter, S. Kämnitz, F. Steinbach, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro (2016): Amorphous, turbostratic and crystalline carbon membranes with hydrogen selectivity, Carbon 106 (2016) 93-105
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2016.04.062

J. Xue, Y. Chen, Y.Y. Wei, A. Feldhoff. H.H. Wang, J. Caro (2016): Gas to liquids: Natural gas conversion to aromatic fuels and chemicals in a hydrogen-permeable ceramic hollow fiber membrane reactor, ACS Catalysis 6 (2016) 2448-2451
DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.6b00004

S.F. Cheng, Y.J. Wang, L.B. Zhuang, J. Xue, Y.Y. Wei, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro, H.H. Wang (2016): A dual-phase ceramic membrane with extremely high H2 permeation flux prepared by autoseparation of a ceramic precursor, Angew. Chem. (Int. Ed.) 55 (2016) 10895-10898
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201604035


K. Partovi, B. Geppert, F. Liang, C. H. Rüscher, J. Caro (2015): Effect of the B-Site Composition on the Oxygen Permeability and the CO2 Stability of Pr0.6Sr0.4CoxFe1-xO3 Membranes, Chem. Mater. 27 (2015) 2911-2919.

L. Diestel, N. Wang, A. Schulz, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2015): Matrimid-based mixed matrix membranes: Interpretation and correlation of experimental findings for zeolitic imidazolate frameworks as fillers in H2/CO2 separation, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2015, 54 (3), pp 1103–1112
DOI: 10.1021/ie504096j

L. Diestel, N. Wang, B. Schwiedland, F. Steinbach, U. Giese, J. Caro (2015): MOF based MMMs with enhanced selectivity due to hindered linker distortion, J. Membr. Sci. 492 (2015) 181-186.

N. Wang, A. Mundstock, Y. Liu, A. Huang, J. Caro (2015): Amine-modified Mg-MOF-74/CPO-27-Mg membrane with enhanced H2/CO2 separation, Chem. Eng. Sci. 124 (2015) 27-36.

N. Wang, Y. Liu, A. Huang, J. Caro (2015): Hydrophilic SOD and LTA membranes for membrane-supported methanol, dimethylether and dimethylcarbonate synthesis, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 207 (2015) 33-38.

N. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Qiao, L. Diestel, J. Zhou, A. Huang, J. Caro (2015): Polydopamine-based synthesis of zeolite imidazolate framework ZIF-100 membrane with high H2/CO2 selectivity, J. Mater. Chem. A 3 (2015) 4722-4728.

Nanyi Wang, Alexander Mundstock, Yi Liu, Aisheng Huang, Jürgen Caro (2015): Amine-modified Mg-MOF-74/CPO-27-Mg membrane with enhanced H2/CO2 separation, Chemical Engineering Science 124 (2015) 27–36

S. Friebe, B. Geppert, J. Caro (2015): Inverted Fuel cell: Room-temperature hydrogen separation from an exhaust gas by using a commercial short-circuited fuel cell without applying any electrical voltage, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54 (2015) 7790-7794.

S. Friebe, B. Geppert, J. Caro (2015): Umgekehrte Brennstoffzelle: Wasserstoffabtrennung aus einem Abgas mithilfe einer kurzgeschlossenen kommerziellen PEM-Brennstoffzelle ohne Anlegen einer äußeren Spannung bei Raumtemperatur, Angew. Chem. 127 (2015) 7900-7904.

Y. Liu, J.H. Pan, N. Wang, F. Steinbach, X. Liu, J. Caro (2015): Remarkably enhanced gas separation by partial self-conversion of a laminated membrane to metal-organic frameworks, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54 (2015) 3028-3032.

Y. Liu, T. Yu, R. Cai, Y. Li, W. Yang, J. Caro (2015): One-pot synthesis of NiAl-CO3 LDH anti-corrosion coatings from CO2-saturated precursors, RSC Adv. 5 (2015) 29552-29557

Y. Wei, J. Xue, W. Fang, Y. Chen, H.H. Wang, J. Caro (2015): Enhanced stability of Zr-doped Ba(CeTb)O3-Ni cermet membrane for hydrogen separation, Chem. Commun. 51 (2015) 11619-11621.


A. Huang, Q. Liu, N. Wang, J. Caro (2014): Organosilica functionalizedzeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-90 membrane for CO2/CH4 separation, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 192 (2014) 18-22.

A. Huang, Q. Liu, N. Wang, J. Caro (2014): Highly hydrogen permselective ZIF-8 membranes supported on polydopamine functionalized macroporous stainless-steel- nets, J. Mater. Chem. A. 2 (2014) 8246-8251.

A. Huang, Y. Chen, Q. Liu, N. Wang, J. Jiang, J. Caro (2014): Synthesis of highly hydrophobic and permselective metal-organoc framework Zn(BDC)(TED)0.5 membranes for H2/CO2 separation, J. Membr. Sci. 454 (2014) 126-132.

A. Schulz, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2014): Pressed graphite crystals as gas separation membrane for steam reforming of ethanol, J. Membr. Sci. 469 (2014) 284-291.

B. Huang, Q. Liu, J. Caro, A. Huang (2014): Iso-Butanol dehydration by pervaporation using zeolite LTA membranes prepared by APTES-modified alumina tubes, J. Membr. Sci. 455 (2014) 200-206.

C. Chmelik, A. Mundstock, P.D.C. Dietzel, J. Caro (2014): Idiosyncrasies of Co2(dhtp): In situ-annealing by methanol, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 183 (2014) 117-123

D.I. Kolokolow, L. Diestel, J. Caro, D. Freude, A.G. Stepanov (2014): Rotational and translational motion of benzene in ZIF-8 srtudied by 2H NMR: Estimation of microscopic self-diffusivity and its comparison with macroscopic measurements, J. Phys. Chem. C 118 (2014) 12873-12879.

F. Liang, H. Luo, K. Partovi, O. Ravkina, Z. Cao, Y. Liu, J. Caro (2014): A novel CO2-stable dual phase membrane with high oxygen permeability, Chem. Commun. 50 (2014) 2451-2454.

G. Bellussi, J. Caro, J. Kärger, F. Schüth, M. Stöcker, J. Weitkamp (2014): Hellmut Karge (1931-2013), Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 184 (2014) 70-71.

H. Luo, T. Klande, Z. Cao, F. Liang, H.H. Wang, J. Caro (2014): A CO2-stable reduction-tolerant Nd-containing dual phase membrane for oxyfuel CO2 capture, J. Mater. Chem. A. 2 (2014) 7780-7787.

Huang, Q. Liu, N. Wang, Y. Zhu, J. Caro (2014): Bicontinuous zeolitic imidazolate framework FIF-8@GO membrane with enhanced hydrogen selectivity, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 136 (2014) 14686-14689.

J. Caro (2014): Catalytic Membrane Reactors – Lab Curiosity or Key Enabling Technology?, Chemie Ingenieur Technik 86 (2014) 1901-1905.

K. Partovi, F. Liang, O. Ravkina, J. Caro (2014): High-flux oxygen-transporting membrane Pr0.6Sr0.4Co0.5Fe0.5O3-d: CO2 stability and microstructure, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6 (2014) 10274-10282.

L. Diestel, X.L. Liu, Y.S. Li, W.S. Yang, J. Caro (2014): Comparative permeation studies on three supported membranes: Pure ZIF-8, pure polymethylphenylsiloxane, and mixed matrix membrane, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 189 (2014) 210-215.

N. Wang, Y. Liu, A. Huang, J. Caro (2014): Supported SOD membrane with steam selectivity by a two-step repeated hydrothermal synthesis, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 192 (2014) 8-13.

T. Chokbunpiam, R. Chanajaree, T. Remsungnen, O. Saengsawang, S. Fritzsche, C. Chmelik, J. Caro, W. Janke, S. Hannonbua (2014): N2 in ZIF-8: Sorbate induced structural changes and self-diffusion, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 187 (2014) 1-5.

Y. Liu, N. Wang, J. Caro (2014): In situ formation of LDH membranes of different microstructures with molecular sieve gas selectivity, J. Mater. Chem. A. 2 (2014) 5716-5723.

Y. Liu, N. Wang, L. Diestel, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2014): MOF membrane synthesis in the confined space of a vertically aligned LDH network, Chem. Commun. 50 (2014) 4225-4227.

Y. Liu, N. Wang, Z.W. Cao, J. Caro (2014): Molecular sieving through interlayer galleries, J. Mater. Chem. A 2 (2014) 1235-1238.

Y. Wei, Q. Liao, Z. Li, H. Wang, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro (2014): Partial oxidation of methane in hollow-fiber membrane reactors based on alkaline-earth metal-free CO2-tolerant oxide, AIChe 60 (2014) 3587.
DOI: 10.1002/aic.14540

Yi Liu, N. Wang, J.H. Pan, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2014): In situ synthesis of MOF membranes on ZnAl-CO3 LDH buffer layer-modified substrates, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 136 (41), pp 14353–14356
DOI: 10.1021/ja507408s

Z.W. Cao, H.Q. Jiang, H.X. Luo, S. Baumann, W.A. Meulenberg, H. Voss, J. Caro (2014): An efficient oxygen activation route for improved ammonia oxidation through an oxygen-permeable catalytic membrane, ChemCatChem 6 (2014) 1190-1194.


A. Huang, Q. Liu, N. Wang, X. Tong, B. Huang, M. Wang, J. Caro (2013): Covalent synthesis of dense zeolite LTA membranes on various 3-chloropropyltrimethoxysilane functionalized supports, J. Membr. Sci. 437 (2013) 57-64.

A. Mundstock, U. Böhme, B. Barth, M. Hartmann, J. Caro (2013): Propylen/Propan-Trennung im Festbettreaktor und durch Membranpermeation, Chemie Ingenieur Technik 85 (2013) 1694.

F. Liang, K. Partovi, H. Jiang, H. Luo, J. Caro (2013): B-site La-doped BaFe0.95-xLaxZr0.05O3-d perovskite-type membranes for oxygen separation, J. Mater. Chem. A 1 (2013) 746.

Q. Liu, N. Wang, J. Caro. A. Huang (2013): Bio-inspired polydopamine: A versatile and powerful platform for covalent synthesis of molecular sieve membranes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2013, 135 (47), pp 17679–17682
DOI: 10.1021/ja4080562

T. Chokbunpiam, R. Chanajaree, O. Saengsawang, S. Reimanm, C-. Chmelik, S. Fritsche, J. Caro, T. Remsungen, S. Hannongbua (2013): The importance of lattice flexibility for the migration of ethane in ZIF-8: Molecular dynamics simulations, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 174 (2013) 126-134.

U. Böhme, B. Barth, C. Paula, A. Kuhnt, W. Schwieger, A. Mundstock, J. Caro, M. Hartmann (2013): Ethene/ethane and propene/propane separation via the olefin and paraffin selective metal-organic framework adsorbents CPO-27 and ZIF-8, Langmuir, 2013, 29 (27), pp 8592–8600
DOI: 10.1021/la401471g

U. Böhme, C. Paula, V.R.R. Marthala, J. Caro, M. Hartmann (2013): Ungewöhnliche Adsorptions- und Trenneigenschaften des Molekularsiebs ZIF-8, Chemie Ingenieur Technik 85 (213) 1707.

X. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Ban, Y. Peng, H. Jin, H. Bux, L. Xu, J. Caro, W. Yang (2013): Improvement of hydrothermal stability of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks, Chem. Commun. 49 (2013) 9140-9142.

Z. Cao, H. Jiang, H. Luo, S. Baumann, W.A. Meulenberg, J. Assmann, L. Mleczko, Y. Liu, J. Caro (2013): Natural gas to fuels and chemicals: improved methane aromatization in the oxygen-permeable membrane reactor, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52 (2013) 13794-13797.


A. Betard, H. Bux, S. Henke, D. Zacher, J. Caro, R. Fischer (2012): Fabrication of a CO2-selective membrane by stepwise liquid-phase deposition of an alkylether functionalized pillared-layered metal-organic framework [Cu2L2P]n on a macroporous support, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 150 (2012) 76.

A. Huang, N. Wang, J. Caro (2012): Stepwise synthesis of sandwich-structured compoite zeolite membranes with enhanced separation selectivity, Chem. Commun. 48 (2012) 3542.

A. Huang, N. Wang, J. Caro (2012): Synthesis of multi-layer zeolite LTA membranes with enhanced gas separation performance by using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 164 (2012) 294.

A. Huang. N. Wang, C. Kong, J. Caro (2012): Organosilica-functionalized zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-90 membrane with high gas-separation performance, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51 (2012) 10551.

F. Liang, H. Jiang, H. Luo, R. Kriegel, J. Caro (2012): High-purity oxygen production by a dead-end Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.3O3-d tube membrane, Catal. Today 193 (2012) 95-100

H. Luo, H. Jiang, T. Klande, F. Liang, Z. Cao, H.H. Wang, J. Caro (2012): Rapid glycine-nitrate combustion synthesis of the CO2-stable dual phase membrane 40 Mn1.5Co1.5O4-d-60Ce0.9Pr0.1O2-d for CO2 capture via an oxy-fuel process, J. Membr. Sci. 423/424 (2012) 450.

H. Luo, H. Jiang, T. Klande, Z. Cao, F. Liang, H.H. Wang, J. Caro (2012): Novel cobalt-free, noble metal-free oxygen-permeable 40Pr0.6Sr0.4O3-d -60Ce0.9Pr0.1O2-d dual-phase membrane, Chem. Mater. 24 (2012) 2148.


A. Huang, J. Caro (2011): Highly oriented, neutral and cation-free AlPO LTA: from seed crystal monolayer to a molecular sieve membrane, Chem. Commun. 47 (2011) 4201.

A. Huang, J. Caro (2011): Facile synthesis of LTA molecular sieve membranes on covalently functionalized supports by using diisocyanates as molecular linkers, J. Mater. Chem. 21 (2011) 11424-11429.

F. Liang, H. Jiang, H. Luo, J. Caro, A. Feldhoff (2011): Phase stability and permeation behavior of a dead-end Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-d tube membrane in high-purity oxygen production, Chem. Mater. 23 (2011) 4765.

H. Bux, A. Feldhoff, J. Cravillon, M. Wiebcke, Y.S. Li, J. Caro (2011): Oriented zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 membrane with sharp H2/C3H8 molecular sieve separation, Chem. Mater. 23 (2011) 2262.

H. Bux, C. Chmelik, R. Krishna, J. Caro (2011): Ethene/ethane separation by the MOF membrane ZIF-8: Molecular correlation of permeation, adsorption, diffusion, J. Membr. Sci. 369 (2011) 284.

H. Luo, K. Efimov, H. Jiang, A. Feldhoff, H. Wang, J. Caro (2011): CO2-stabile und cobaltfreie Zweiphasenmembranen zur Sauerstoffabtrennung, Angew. Chem. 123 (2011) 785.

H. Luo, K. Efimov, H. Jiang, A. Feldhoff, H. Wang, J. Caro (2011): CO2-stable and cobalt-free dual phase membrane for oxygen separation, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50 (2011) 759.

Tomas Binder, Ziad Adem, Cordula B. Krause, Margarita Krutyeva, Aisheng Huang, Jürgen Caro, Jörg Kärger (2011): Surface permeability on zeolite NaCaA enhanced by layer deposition, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 146 (2011) 151–157


A. Huang, C. Weidenthaler, J. Caro (2010): Facile and reproducible synthesis of ITQ-29 zeolite by using Kryptofix 222 as structure directing agent, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 130 (2010) 352.

A. Huang, F. Liang, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2010): Preparation and separation properties of LTA membrane by using APTES as covalent linker, J. Membr. Sci. 350 (2010) 5-9

A. Huang, F. Liang, F. Steinbach, T.M. Gesing, J. Caro (2010): Neutral and cation-free LTA-type aluminiumphosphate (AlPO4) molecular sieve membrane with hydrogen selectivity, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 132 (7), pp 2140–2141
DOI: 10.1021/ja100042x

A. Huang, H. Bux, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2010): Molecular Sieve Membrane with Hydrogen Permselectivity: ZIF-22 in LTA Topology Prepared with 3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane as Covalent Linker, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 49 (2010) 4958

A. Huang, J. Caro (2010): Novel zinc oxide twins with perfect mirror symmetry by solvothermal synthesis method, CrystEngCommun. 12 (2010) 685.

A. Huang, J. Caro (2010): Preparation of large and well-shaped LTA-type AlPO4 crystals by using crown ether Kryptofix 222 as structure directing agent, Microporous Mesoporous Materials 129 (2010) 90.

A. Huang, J. Caro (2010): Controlled growth of zinc oxide crystals with tunable shape, J. Cryst. Growth 312 (2010) 947

A. Huang, J. Caro (2010): Steam-stable hydrophobic ITQ-29 molecular sieve membrane with H2 selectivity prepared by secondary growth using Kryptofix 222 as SDA, Chem. Commun. 46 (2010) 7748.

A. Huang, Wei Duo, J. Caro (2010): Steam-stable zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-90 membrane with hydrogen selectivity through covalent functionalization, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 132 (44), pp 15562–15564
DOI: 10.1021/ja108774v

Aisheng Huang, Jürgen Caro (2010): Shape evolution of zinc oxide from twinned disks to single spindles through solvothermal synthesis in binary solvents, Journal of Crystal Growth 312 (2010) 2977–2982

C. Chmelik, F. Hibbe, D. Tzoulaki, L. Heinke, J. Caro, J. Li, J. Kärger (2010): Exploring the Nature of Surface Barriers on MOF Zn(tbip) by Applying IR Microscopy in High Temporal and Spatial Resolution, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 129 (2010) 340.

C. Chmelik, H. Bux, J. Caro, L. Heinke, F. Hibbe, T. Titze, J. Kärger (2010): Mass Transfer in a Nanoscale Material Enhanced by an Opposite Flux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 (2010) 085902

H. Bux, C. Chmelik, J.M. van Baten, R. Krishna, J. Caro (2010): Novel MOF-membrane for molecular sieving predicted by IR-diffusion studies and molecular modeling, Adv. Mater. 22 (2010) 4741.

H. Jiang, F. Liang, O. Czuprat, K. Efimov, A. Feldhoff, S. Schirrmeister, T,. Schiestel, H.H. Wang, J. Caro (2010): Hydrogen production by water dissociation in surface-modified BaCoFeZrO3 hollow fiber membrane reactor with improved oxygen permeability, Chemistry – a European Journal 16 (2010) 7898.

H. Jiang, H.H. Wang, F. Liang, S. Werth, S. Schirrmeister, T. Schiestel, J. Caro (2010): Improved water dissociation and nitrous oxide decomposition by in situ oxygen removal in perovskite catalytic membrane reactor, Catal. Today 156 (2010) 187.

H. Jiang, Z. Cao, S, Schirrmeister, T. Schiestel, J. Caro (2010): A coupling strategy to produce hydrogen and ethylene in a membrane reactor, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 49 (2010) 5656.

H. Liu, Y. Wei, J. Caro, H.H. Wang (2010): Oxidative coupling of methane with high yield by using chlorinated perovskite BaSrFeCoO as catalyst and N2O as oxidant, ChemCatChem 2 (2010) 1539-1542.

H. Luo, B. Tian, Y. Wei, H.H. Wang, H. Jiang, J. Caro (2010): Oxygen permeability and structural stability of a novel tantalum-doped perovskite BaCo0.7Fe0.2Ta0.1O3-δ, AIChE J., 56 (2010) 604

H. Luo, Y. Wei, H. Jiang, W. Yuan, Y. Lv, J. Caro, H.H. Wang (2010): Performance of a ceramic membrane reactor with high oxygen flux Ta-containing perovskite for the partial oxidation of methane to syngas, , J. Membr. Sci. 350 (2010) 154

H. Richter, H. Voß, I. Voigt, A. Diefenbacher, G. Schuch, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2010): High-flux ZSM-5 membranes with an additional non-zeolite pore system by alcohol addition to the synthesis batch and their evaluation in the 1-butene/i-butene separation, Sep. Purif. Techn. 72 (2010) 388.

J. Caro (2010): Neue nanoporöse Molekularsiebmembranen: Zeolithe contra MOFs – Gewinner und Verlierer, Chemie, Ingenieur Technik 82 (2010) 837.

K. Efimov, T. Halfer, A. Kuhn, P. Heitjans, J. Caro, A. Feldhoff (2010): Novel cobalt-free oxygen-permeable perovskite type membrane, Chem. Mater. 22 (2010) 1540.

O. Czuprat, M. Arnold, S. Schirrmeister, T. Schiestel, J. Caro (2010): Influence of CO2 on the oxygen permeation performance of perovskite-type BaCoxFeyZrzO3-d hollow fiber membranes, J. Membr. Sci. 364 (2010) 132.

O. Czuprat, T. Schiestel, H. Voss, J. Caro (2010): Oxidative coupling of methane in a BCFZ perovskite hollow fiber membrane reactor, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 49 (2010) 10230.

Y. Li, F. Liang, H. Bux, A. Feldhoff, W. Yang, J. Caro (2010): Molecular Sieve Membrane: Supported Metal-Organic Framework with High Hydrogen selectivity, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 49 (2010) 548

Y. Li, F. Liang, H. Bux, W. Yang, J. Caro (2010): Zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-7 based molecular sieve membrane for hydrogen separation, J. Membr. Sci. 354 (2010) 48.

Y.S. Li, H. Bux, A. Feldhoff, G.L. Li, W.S. Yang, J. Caro (2010): Controllable synthesis of metal-organic frameworks: From MOF nanorods to oriented MOF membranes, Adv. Mater. 22 (2010), 3322.


A. Feldhoff, J. Caro, H. Jobic, J. Ollivier, C.B. Krause, P. Galvosas, J. Kärger (2009): Intracrystalline transport resistances in nanoporous zeolite X, ChemPhysChem 10 (2009), 2429.

A. Huang, J. Caro (2009): Hydrothermal synthesis of uniform and well-shaped ITQ-29 crystals, A. Huang, J. CaroMicropor. Mesopor. Mater. 124 (2009) 153

A. Huang, J. Caro (2009): Fabrication of MTN-type zeolite by self-assembling of supramolecular compound, J. Cryst. Growth 311 (2009) 4570

C. Chmelik, J. Kärger, M. Wiebcke, J. Caro, J.M. van Baten, R. Krishna (2009): Adsorption and diffusion of alkanes in CuBTC crystals investigated using infra-red microscopy and molecular simulations, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 117 (2009) 22

D. Tzoulaki, L. Heinke, H. Lim. J. Li, D. Olson, J. Caro, R. Krishna, C. Chmelik (2009): Assessing surface permeabilities from transient guest profiles in nanoporous host materials,, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 48 (2009) 3525.

D. Tzoulaki, L. Heinke, H. Lim. J. Li, D. Olson, J. Caro, R. Krishna, C. Chmelik, (2009): Bestimmung der Oberflächenpermeabilitäten aus transienten Konzentrationsprofilen in nanoporösen Materialien,, Angew. Chemie, 121 (2009) 3577.

E.V. Kondratenko, H.H. Wang, V.A. Kondratenko, J. Caro, (2009): Selective oxidation of CH4 and C2H6 over a mixed oxygen ion and electron conducting perovskite – A TAP and membrane reactor study,, J. Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 297 (2009) 142.

H. Bux, F. Liang, Y. Li, J. Cravillon, M. Wiebcke, J. Caro (2009): Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework Membrane with Molecular Sieve Properties by Microwave Assisted Solvothermal Growth, JACS 131 (2009) 16000.

H. Jiang, H.H. Wang, F. Liang, S. Werth, T. Schiestel, J. Caro (2009): Zersetzung von Lachgas in die Elemente mit In-situ-Entfernung des Sauerstoffs durch eine Perowskitmembran, , Angew. Chem. 121 (2009) 3027.

H. Jiang, H.H. Wang, F. Liang, S. Werth, T. Schiestel, J. Caro, (2009): Direct decomposition of nitrous oxide to nitrogen by in sity oxygen removal with a perovskite membrane,, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed 48 (2009) 2983.

H. Jiang, L. Xing, O. Czuprat, H.H. Wang, S. Schirrmeister, T. Schiestel, J. Caro (2009): Highly effective NO decomposition by in situ removal of inhibitor oxygen using an oxygen transporting membrane, Chem. Commun. 2009, 6738

H. Voß, A. Diefenbacher, G. Schuch, H. Richter, I. Voigt, M. Noack, J. Caro, (2009): Butene isomers separation on titania supported MFI membranes at conditions relevant for practice,, J. Membr. Sci. 329 (2009) 11-17.

H. Wang, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro, Th. Schiestel, St. Werth (2009): Oxygen selective ceramic hollow fiber membranes for partial oxidation of methane, AIChE 55 (2009) 2657.

J. Caro (2009): Diffusion in porous functional materials: Zeolite gas separation membranes, proton exchange membrane fuel cell, dye sensitized solar cells , Microporous Mesoporous Materials 125 (2009) 79

J. Caro, D. Albrecht, M. Noack, (2009): Why is it so extremely difficult to prepare shape-selective Al-rich zeolite membranes like LTA and FAU for gas separation?, Separ. Purif. Technology 66 (2009) 143.

K. Ulrich, D. Freude, P. Galvosas, C. Krause, J. Kärger, J. Caro, P. Poladli, H. Papp, (2009): Diffusion of aromatic guest molecules in zeolite NaX studied by pulsed field gradient NMR,, Miropor. Mesopor. Mater. 120 (2009) 98.

M. Cai, S. Liu, K. Efimov, J. Caro, A. Feldhoff, H. Wang, (2009): Preparation and hydrogen permeation of BaCe0.95Nd0.05O3-δ membranes, J. Membr. Sci. 343 (2009) 90.

M. Noack, M. Schneider, A. Dittmar, G. Georgi, J. Caro, (2009): The change of the unit cell dimension of different zeolite types by heating and its influence on supported membrane layers,, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 117 (2009) 10.

O. Czuprat, S. Werth, S. Schirrmeister, T. Schiestel, J. Caro (2009): Olefin Production by a Multistep Oxidative Dehydrogenation in a Perovskite Hollow-Fiber Membrane Reactor, ChemCatChem 1 (2009) 401.

O. Czuprat, S. Werth, S. Schirrmeister, T. Schiestel, J. Caro (2009): Oxidative Dehydrierung niederer Alkane in einem selektiven Membranreaktor mit gestufter Sauerstoffzugabe und in situ-Wasserstoffoxidation, , Chemie Ingenieur Technik 81 (2009) 1591.

R. Scheffler, G. Hübner, F. Seyfried, K. Schröder, H. Steffen, M. Wark, J,. Caro (2009): ,(2009): Plasmamodifizierung von Polybenzimidazol-Polymermembranen für die PEM-Brennstoffzelle, , Chemie Ingenieur Technik 81 (2009) 1911.

S. Frisch, L.M. Rösken, J. Caro, M. Wark, (2009): Ion conductivity of nano-scaled Al-rich ZSM-5 synthesized in the pores of black carbon,, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 120 (2009) 47–52
DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2008.08.057

X. Chen, H. Liu, Y. Wie, J. Caro, H.H. Wang (2009): A novel zincum-doped perovskite-type ceramic membrane for oxygen separation, J. Alloys and Compounds 484 (2009) 386


A. Huth, R. Scheffler, G. Hübner, F. Seyfried, M. Wark, J. Caro (2008): Präparation und Evaluation neuer Hybrid-Protonenleiter - Teil III: Phosphorsäureimprägnierte Polybenzimidazol-Polymerelektrolytmembran für den Brennstoffzellbetrieb,, Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik 80 (2008), 307

H. Jiang, H.H. Wang, S. Werth, T. Schiestel, J. Caro,  (2008): Simultaneous production of hydrogen and synthesis gas by combining water splitting with partial oxidation of methane in a hollow-fiber membrane reactor,, Angew. Chem. 120 (2008) 9481.

H.H. Wang, C. Tablet, J. Caro, (2008): Oxygen production at low temperature using dense perovskite hollow fiber membranes,, J. Membr. Sci. 322 (2008) 214.

J. Caro, M. Noack (invited), (2008): Zeolite membranes – recent developments and progress,, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 115 (2008) 215.

M. Cai, H. Luo, Z. Li, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro, H. Wang, (2008): Preparation and hydrogen permeation properties of Ba0.5Ce0.95Nd0.05O3-δ membranes,, Chin. Chem. Lett. 19 (2008) 1256.

M. Wilhelm, M. Jeske, R. Marschall, W. Cavalcanti, P. Tölle, C. Köhler, D. Koch, T. Frauenheim, G. Grathwohl, J. Caro, M. Wark (2008): New proton conducting hybrid membranes for HT-PEMFC systems based on polysiloxanes and SO3H-functionalized mesoporous Si-MCM-41 particles, J. Membr. Sci. 316 (2008), 164

M. Wurz, C. Ruffert, T. Oekermann, J. Caro, H.H. Gatzen,  (2008): “Investigations on Embedding Nanoparticles by Electroplating”, , Proceedings of The Electrochemical Society, 214th Meeting, Hawaii 2008 (Meet. Abstr. Electrochem. Soc. 2008, 802, 2595).

S. Münzer, J. Caro, P. Behrens, (2008): Preparation and characterization of silica-sodalite membranes,, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chemie 634 (2008) 2065.

S. Münzer, J. Caro, P. Behrens, (2008): Preparation and caracterization of sodium-free nanocrystalline sodalite,, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 110 (2008) 3.

X. Yang, D. Albrecht, J. Caro, (2008): An unusual hydrothermal phase transformation of quartz-type gallium phosphate into zeotype GaPO4-LTA and backwards,, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 112 (2008) 637.


G.T.P. Mabande, M. Noack, A. Avhale, P. Kölsch, G. Georgi, W. Schwieger, J. Caro, (2007): Permeation properties of bi-layered Al-ZSM-5/Silicalite-1 membranes,, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 98 (2007) 55.

J. Caro, K.J. Caspary, C. Hamel, B. Hoting, P. Kölsch, B. langanke, K. Nassauer, M. Noack, T. Schiestel, M. Schroeder, Y.C. Byun, A. Seidel-Morgenstern, E. Tsotsas, H. Wang, S. Werth, (2007): Perowskit-Hohlfasermembranen für die katalytische Partialoxidation von Methan zu Synthesegas,, Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 79 (2007) 831.

J. Caro, K.J. Caspary, C. Hamel, B.Hoting, P. Kölsch, B. Langanke, K. Nassauer, T. Schiestel, A. Schmidt, R. Schomäcker, A. Seidel-Morgenstern, E. Tsotsas, I. Voigt, H.H. Wang, R. Warsitz, S. Werth, A. Wolf (2007): Catalytic membrane reactors for partial oxidation using perovskite hollow fiber membranes and for partial hydrogenation using a catalytic membrane contactor,, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 46 (2007) 2286.

J. Caro, M. Noack, (2007): Zeolite Membranes – from Barrers vision to technical applications: new concepts in zeolite membrane R&D,, in: From Zeolites to Porous MOF Materials, Proc. 15th International Zeolite Conference, Beijing, August 2007, by R. Xu, Z. Gao, J. Chen, W. Yan (eds.), in: Studies Surf. Sci. & Catal. 170, Elsevier, 2007, p. 96.

J. Martynczuk, M. Arnold, H. Wang, J. Caro, A. Feldhoff, (2007): How (Ba0.5Sr0.5)(Fe0.8Zn0.2)O3-δ and (Ba0.5Sr0.5)(Co0.8Fe0.2)O3-δ perovskites form via an EDTA/citric acid complexing method,, Adv. Mater. 19 (2007) 2134.

M. Arnold, P. Kortunov, D. Jones, Y. Nedellec, J. Kärger, J. Caro, (2007): Oriented Crystallization on Supports and Anisotropic Mass Transport of the Metal Organic Framework Manganese Formate,, Eurpo. J. Inorg. Chem., 2007, 60.

M. Noack, P. Kölsch, A. Dittmar, M. Stöhr, G. Georgi, M. Schneider, U. Dingerdissen, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro, (2007): Proof of the ISS-concept for LTA and FAU membranes and their characterization by extended gas permeation studies,, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 102 (2007) 1.

P. V. Kortunov, M. Arnold, Y. Nedellec, D. Jones, J. Caro, J. Kärger,  (2007): Guest arrangement in nanoporous host system follows one-dimensional lattice-gas model,, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129 (2007) 8041.

R. Marschall, I. Bannat, M. Wark, J. Caro (2007): Proton conductivity of sulfonic acid functionalised mesoporous materials,, Microp. Mesop. Mater. 99 (2007),190

R. Marschall, M. Wark, M. Jeske, M. Wilhelm, G. Grathwohl, J. Caro (2007): Functionalized mesoporous materials used as proton conducttive additives for high temperature PEM fuel cells,, in: "From Zeolites to porous MOF materials", R. Xu, Z. Gao, J. Chen, W. Yan (Eds.), Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 170 (2007), 1540

R. Scheffler, A. Huth, G. Hübner, M. Wark. J. Caro (2007): Präparation und Evaluation neuer Hybrid-Protonenleiter - Teil 1: Ionische Flüssigkeiten als Modifikator in Nafion®-Hybridmembranen,, Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik 79 (2007), 1175

R. Scheffler, A. Huth, G. Hübner, R. Marschall, J. Caro, M. Wark (2007): Präparation und Evaluation neuer Hybrid-Protonenleiter - Teil II: Anorganische Nanoteilchen als Modifikator in Nafion®-Hybridmembranen,, Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik 79 (2007), 2035

S. Brandani, J. Caro, H. Jobic, J. Kärger, C. Krause, R. Staudt, (2007): Diffusion of n-alkanes in zeolites: the benefit of observation over different length scales,, in: From Zeolites to Porous MOF Materials, Proc. 15th International Zeolite Conference, Beijing, August 2007, by R. Xu, Z. Gao, J. Chen, W. Yan (eds.), in: Studies Surf. Sci. & Catal. 170, Elsevier, 2007, p. 981.


A. Kleinert, A. Feldhoff, T. Schiestel, J. Caro, (2006): Novel hollow fibre membrane reactor for the partial oxidation of methane,, Catal. Today 118 (2006) 44.

J. Caro, A. Kleinert, H. Wang, C. Tablet, T. Schiestel, M. Kilgus, S. Peter (2006): Evaluation of hollow fiber perovskite membranes in catalytic membrane reactors for selective partial oxidation and in separators for oxygen production,, Catal. Today, 118 (2006) 128.

J. Caro, H.H. Wang, C. Tablet, A. Kleinert, A. Feldhoff, T. Schiestel, M. Kilgus, P. Kölsch, S. Werth, (2006): Evaluation of perovskites in hollow fibre and disk geometry in catalytic membrane reactors and in oxygen separators,, Catal. Today 118 (2006) 128.

M. Noack, P. Kölsch, A. Dittmar, M. Stöhr, G. Georgi, R. Eckelt, J. Caro, (2006): Effect of crystal intergrowth supporting substances (ISS) on the permeation properties of MFI membranes with enhanced Al-content,, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 97 (2006) 88.


H. Wang, C. Tablet, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro (2005): A cobalt-free oxygen-permeable membrane based on the perovskite-type oxide Ba0.5Sr0.5Zn0.2Fe0.8O3-δ,, Adv. Mate. 17 (2005) 1785.

H. Wang, C. Tablet, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro, (2005): Investigation of phase structure, sintering, and permeability of perovskite-type Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ membranes,, J. Membr. Sci. 262 (2005) 20.

H. Wang, C. Tablet, G. Grubert, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro (2005): A novel cobalt-free oxygen permeable membrane based on the perovskite-type based oxide Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe0.8Zn0.2O3-δ,, Adv. Mater., 17 (2005) 1785.

H. Wang, S. Werth, T. Schiestel, J. Caro (2005): Perovskite hollow-fiber membranes for the production of oxygen-enriched air,, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.44 (2005) 6906 und Angew. Chem. 117 (2005) 2.

T. Oekermann, T. Yoshida , C. Boeckler, J. Caro, H. Minoura,  (2005): "Capacitance and field-driven electron transport in electrochemically self-assembled nanoporous ZnO/dye hybrid films", , J. Phys. Chem. B 2005, 109, 12560.

T. Schiestel, M. Kilgus, S. Peter, K.J. Caspary, H. Wang, J. Caro (2005): Hollow fibre perovskite membranes for oxygen separation,, J. Membr. Sci., 258 (2005) 1.


J.B. Stelzer, A. Feldhoff, J. Caro, M. Fait, D. Habel, E. Feike, H. Schubert, (2004): Aufbau und katalytische Aktivität hierarchisch nano-strukturierter Oxid-Katalysatoren – Teil 3: Einfluss der Calcinierungstemperatur auf Stabilität und katalytisches Verhalten geträgerter V2O5-Katalysatoren,, Chem. Ing. Techn. 76 (2004) 1086.

O. Bartels, D. Wöhrle, J. Caro, M. Wark,  (2004): Immobilization and photo catalytic properties of phthalocyanines anchored to the surface of Si-MCM-41 and SBA-15, , Proceedings 14th International Zeolite Conference (Eds.: E.W.J. van Steen, L.H. Callanan, M. Claeys, C.T. O`Connor), 2004, Cape Town, p. 988-989 (2-page abstract) and p. 2884-2892 (full text on CD)



Y. Wei, W. Yang, J. Caro, H.H. Wang (2013): Dense ceramic oxygen permeable membranes and catalytic membrane reactors, Chem. Eng. J. 220 (2013) 185-203.


J. Caro (2009): Energetische und stoffliche Nutzung von Erdgas, Uni Magazin der Leibniz Universität Hannover, Sonderheft Energie, 01/02 (2009) 34



A. Huang, J. Caro (2011): Application of Microwave Heating on the Facile Synthesis of Porous Molecular Sieve Membranes, InTech, (2011) 641.


J. Caro  (2010): Basic Aspects in Membrane Reactors, in: E. Drioli, L. Giorno (eds.), Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, Elsevier, 2010.


J. Caro, M. Noack  (2009): Zeolite Membranes – Status and Prospective, in: S. Ernst (ed.), Advances in Nanoporous Materials, Volume 1, chapter 1, Elsevier, 2009.


R. Dittmeyer, J. Caro (2008): Catalytic Membrane Reactors,, in: G. Ertl, H. Knözinger, F. Schüth, J. Weitkamp (eds.), Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis, second edition, volume 4, chapter 10.7, Wiley-VCH, 2008.


S. Friebe, B. Geppert, F. Steinbach, J. Caro (2017): Metal-organic framework UiO-66 layer: A highly oriented membrane with good selectivity and hydrogen permeance, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9 (2017) 12878 – 12885
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b02105


A.Huang, N.Wang, J.Caro (2012): Seeding-free synthesis of dense zeolite FAU membranes on 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane-functionalized alumina supports, J.Membrane Science 389 (2012) 272